Tuesday, March 1, 2016

Where the Juneberries Grow

I zipped up my jacket, put on my pack, pulled the camera out of the case … and was hit by that sinking feeling that still surfaces even though we humans left the dangerous bush long ago. I had the wrong lens! Should I venture into the wilds of the Laramie Basin armed only with a mid-range telephoto?

It was an exceptional February day: 52º F, virtually no wind. Surely a camera wasn't necessary to enjoy the spring weather, expansive landscapes, and ice patterns on the frozen lakes. I walked west along a dirt road, stopping now and then to photograph ice and other things that fit in the field of the 100 mm lens.
Ice slabs and salt-encrusted mud in front of a brown snow bank (windblown dirt).
These lakes sit in a large depression in the southern part of the Laramie Basin. They're fed by creeks and irrigation canals, but there’s no way for the water to leave aside from evaporation. This is one of the reasons they're “alkali.” Technically the lakes are saline, not alkaline, but people around here would look at you strange if you said Hutton Lake was saline. Whatever the term, it's immediately obvious—by the distinctive smell and the white crusty dried mud along the margins.
Hutton Lake lies in the Laramie Basin SSW of Laramie (Google Earth; click on image to view details).
We may find alkali wetlands smelly and distasteful, but they're important habitat. Salt-tolerant terrestrial and aquatic invertebrates thrive here, providing tasty and nutritious bird food. For much of the year, the Refuge is popular with birds (146 species have been reported) and the attendant birders.
Bulrushes in Hutton Lake; Medicine Bow Mountains and the Snowy Range behind.

But currently the lakes are still mostly frozen. There are few birds and even fewer human visitors, aside from an occasional nature lover suffering from cabin fever.

I was at Hutton Lake National Wildlife Refuge in search of juneberries, aka sarvice or service berries, saskatoon, amelanchier and more. I want to follow one this year. (Unfamiliar with tree-following? Read more here.) There are two juneberry specimens from Hutton Lake in the Rocky Mountain Herbarium, but as I walked through saltgrass meadows, alkali wetlands and stands of greasewood, I felt like a sucker. The uplands nearby were no more promising—heavily-grazed grassland full of prickly pear cactus. There were no trees anywhere. I saw nothing that looked like potential habitat for juneberries. They are moist-woodland trees needing adequate water, and it has to be sweet, not alkaline.

At the west end of the lake near the Refuge boundary, I walked to a high point (by about six feet) to plan a return route. In the distance, I spotted ... another visitor! A man walked slowly my way, stopping to scan the lake with binoculars. I assumed he was a birder, and maybe a well-rounded naturalist as well. Maybe he would know where the juneberries grow.

As we approached, I waved; he waved back. Closer, I saw he wore a broad-brimmed felt hat, day-pack, and canvas jacket, all in subdued colors—greens and browns. He used a walking stick. Then when we were close enough to speak, I started laughing. So did he. That’s what you do when you meet someone you know in the middle of nowhere.

I explained my mission, expecting more laughter, but Tom immediately replied, “Oh yeah, I know where the juneberries grow. See that knob? [pointing with walking stick] They’re on the slope below. There are some small cottonwoods too, and willows. Just walk across the causeway.”
After discussing when the ice might melt, what notable birds come through, candle ice (more on that later), cures for cabin fever, and the pluses and minuses of recent refuge improvements, we parted ways.
Does the causeway lead to where the juneberries grow?
From the end of the causeway, I made my way along the lakeshore through snow, mud and grass. I was skeptical. But then … there they were, a cluster of small juneberry trees! … maybe. They were barely large enough to have striated bark, needed for winter identification.
Juneberry "trees"?
The one on the right looks more promising.
For comparison: mature Amelanchier alnifolia in the Black Hills.
This old dried fruit looks like a juneberry.
Ripe juneberries for comparison. Photo by Meggar.
I also found the cottonwoods and willows that Tom mentioned, as well as some aspen, all within an area of less than 300 square meters. What an interesting spot—something makes it just right for a tiny woodland.
The Knob stands as a high point because it’s made of harder erosion-resistant rock. Does water accumulate underground in rock fractures, where it's accessible to tree roots?
Trees are on the shady slope below and left of the Knob's summit.
The Laramie Basin, with the Medicine Bow Mountains and Snowy Range beyond. Hutton Lake is mid-photo, the Knob on the left and causeway on the right. 

I love Nature's puzzling surprises! So even though it's barely a tree, I think I will follow this juneberry—if that’s indeed what it is. Stay tuned.

Monthly gatherings of tree-followers are kindly hosted by The Squirrelbasket. Check out the tree news for March.


  1. Amelanchiers in Wyoming--who knew?! Love that Genus! Several species and cultivars are common here in Wisconsin, including A. alnifolia. We tend to call them Serviceberries here. The berries are great in preserves! I tried some at a foraging workshop not too long ago. I don't have any Serviceberries here, but if I were adding small trees to the landscape, they'd be on the list. It will be fun to follow your posts about this tree!

    1. Beth -- I ate lots of juneberries when I lived in the Black Hills, they were pretty tasty, at least in the field!

  2. Do you worry about your dogs getting bit by a rattlesnake when they run out in the wilderness with you? I would love to wander and explore with one of my dogs when I go out, but that is my biggest fear.

    1. I've never worried about rattlers. I have met up with a few--but only a few in all the years I've been traipsing around with my dogs. On this trip however, I kept the dog on a leash except when I was down by the lake as the grasslands are filled with prickly pear cacti and rabbits! ... disaster waiting to happen

  3. That was an absolutely wonderful journey of exploration! You really go the extra mile to find a tree!
    I often have nightmares about my camera not working or not having it with me, but I haven't yet dreamt of having the wrong lens. You did well with it, though. Great images - it will be fun to see this place again when the snow melts.
    I particularly like the spooky eyes on the aspen bark!
    All the best :)

    1. Thanks, Pat. I came away really appreciating the value of a zoom for composing shots! Sure did miss it.

      I hadn't noticed, but you're right ... spooky eyes indeed!

  4. What a great adventure. Very fortuitous to meet someone that could point you in the right direction. Because of the way you write about geology in your posts, I've started reading a book about the geology in my county of Wiltshire. Hopefully I can understand a bit more about it.

    1. Neat to hear about your geology book, Tim. You may get hooked ... as I did. Knowing something of the origins of landscapes makes the outdoor experience so much richer!

  5. What a wonderfully evocative post! Thank you. Your frozen shoreline photo reminds me of the one occasion when Swansea Bay (near my home of the time) was frozen around the edges. Magnificent scenery, fabulous photos ... not forgetting the juneberries.

    1. Thanks, Caroline. Now I'm not sure I will get back there before the next TF gathering! We just had a big snowstorm--good for moisture but not for unpaved roads.

  6. The landscape shots are lovely--so western US! The juneberries look like they would be tasty, but I'll bet the birds get to them first, as well they should.

    1. Thanks, Tina. Yes, the wide open spaces we know so well here. I will let the birds have whatever berries show up. They must be treats here! -- few other berry-plants in the area.

  7. Pretty landscape photos!

    Nice to see that someone else out there among the tree followers also still has a bit of snow and ice.